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Spaghetti bowl effect “意大利面条碗”效应

2014年11月27日 11:49 来源于 财新网
月初,在北京参加亚太经合组织峰会的领导人们发布了《北京纲领》致力于推动区域经济一体化。领导人们决定启动并全面、系统地推进亚太自贸区进程。在本地区现有自贸安排基础上尽早建成亚太自贸区的目标。这将为亚太经济一体化、可持续增长和共同繁荣作出重要贡献。目前在亚太地区有多个独立的自贸区协定,而建立更大范围亚太自贸区是为了消除这些碎片化区域合作在促进贸易便利的同时所形成的“意大利面条碗效应”。
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Spaghetti bowl effect “意大利面条碗”效应

Spaghetti bowl effect refers to a problem of free trade agreements (FTAs) in rules of origin that designate which country a product comes from. Jagdish Bhagwati first used the term in his 1995 paper U.S. Trade Policy: The Infatuation with Free Trade Agreements. A country might sign FTAs with other nations having different regulations on rules of origin, and a company can enjoy zero tariffs in exporting its products to one nation, but may not be eligible for preferential policies in other nations. In an effort to export finished products to importing countries at the lowest price, companies might produce half-finished products and parts in different countries to leverage tariff differentiation in FTA agreements. This leads to a crisscrossing of jurisdictions, much like spaghetti tangled in a bowl. In Asian countries, the effect is sometimes called "noodle bowl effect".

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